Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park - Amphibians of Wilpattu National Park - Frogs of wilpattu National Park

Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park

If we take a look at Wilpattu National Park the first thing that comes to mind is that it is a less visited National Park in Sri Lanka.Wilpattu National Park is a favorite travel spot to local wildlife enthusiasts. Wilpattu National Park is the oldest and largest national park and is well known for its dense population of endemic wildlife and its unique topographic features.This land of the lakes as its name suggests is a multitude of natural rainwater fed lakes that are known as villus are dotted in the forest and they provide enough water to sustain the wildlife during the dry season until the arrival of the monsoon.

Sitting on the Northwest coast of the island, this national treasure spans the borders of the North West and North Central provinces giving it a combination of coastal, shrub land, grasslands, plains, and lowland forest habitats. This mix of habitats allows Wilpattu to provide sanctuary to a wide variety of wildlife while homing some of the most unique flora found in Sri Lanka.

Because of the dotted rainwater filled lakes or villus among the Wilpattu National Park it has become a good place to most of the Amphibians life in Sri Lanka. There are around 10 to 14 Amphibians in the lakes of Wilpattu NP. Below mentioned are list of Amphibians that can be observed in Wilpattu National Park.

1. Polonnaruwa Shrub Frog

February 18, 2023 | by Krishan

One of the main Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park is the Polonnaruwa Shrub Frog. Pseudophilautus regius or known as Polonnaruwa Shrub Frog and it can be found in the Wilpattu National Park. It is a species of frog in family Rhacophoridae and its endemic to Sri Lanka. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, and rural gardens.

Another Amphibian that can be found in Wilpattu National Park is the common toad.Common Toad or scientifically known as Bufo Bufo are amphibians that breeds in ponds and spend most of the year feeding in woodlands. Common toads tend to breed in larger, deeper ponds than common frogs. Toad tadpoles contain toxins that make them unpleasant for predators to eat, allowing them to survive in deep ponds containing fish, which would eat the tadpoles of frogs. Adult toads also contain these toxins, stored in their skin glands. Common toads mainly feed on slugs, snails and other invertebrates, but larger toads have been known to eat small slow worms and grass snakes, and even mice.

3. Verygated Ramanella

February 18, 2023 | by Krishan

Verygated Ramanella is also known as the Erulu dot frog or the termite nest frog is another Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park. This is a species of narrow mouthed frog that is endemic to India and Sri Lanka.They are mostly seen in monsoon season They are small in size and the variegated markings and the genus characteristic of having pads on the fingertips but not on their toes make them easy to identify.

The Skipper frog is another Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park. Its scientific name is Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis. It is known as Indian Skipper frog or skittering frog. These frogs are seen often at the edge of the bodies of water with their eyes above the water. They noisily move away from the shore when disturbed, giving them their common name. They are rarely seen outside water.

5. Paddy Field Frog

February 18, 2023 | by Krishan

Paddy field frog or the Asian grass frog is another Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park and its water bodies.Gray brown or olive above, sometimes suffused with bright carmine; a V-shaped dark mark between eyes, a yellow vertebral stripe mostly present; lips and limbs barred, a light line along calf, thighs laterally yellow, marbled with black, vent rum white, throat is mottled with brown in male. The species forms a complex with several genetic variants that may represent multiple species.

6. Spotted Tree Frog

February 18, 2023 | by Krishan

Spotted tree frog or Polypedates maculatus is another Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park. This is Spotted tree frog is widely distributed in low country dry and wet zones including the arid zone. During the day time it snuggles under rock or bushes or tree roots and it is capable of changing its color to some extent.Dark brown patches on dorsal surface can be seen sometimes and hence the name maculatus, since maculatus in Latin is the one who bear spots or patches on its body.

7. Common Hour Glass Tree Frog

February 18, 2023 | by Krishan

Known as Common hour glass frog or Sri Lanka whipping frog is another Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park. It is a species of frog belong to family Rhacophoridae and it is endemic to Sri Lanka. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, pastureland, plantations, rural gardens, urban areas, heavily degraded former forest, and ponds.

7. Sri Lankan Bull Frog

February 18, 2023 | by Krishan

This is another frog or Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park.its known as Uperodon taprobanicus or Sri Lankan Bull Frog, Sri Lankan painted frog. It has a narrow mouth frog that can be found in Nepal, Bangaladesh, India and Sri Lanka.This plump species of frog attains a snout–vent length of about 75 millimetres (3.0 in), with females being slightly larger than males. The colour of the dorsal surface is greyish-black with a symmetrical pattern of reddish-brown patches on either side including a band of colour stretching from the back of the eye to the base of the arm. The underparts are pale yellowish-grey, mottled with black or brown. During the breeding season, males develop a dark throat patch.

8. Jerdons Bull Frog

February 18, 2023 | by Krishan

Jerdons Bull frog is another Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park. It is known as Hoplobatrachus crassus or South Indian Bullfrog is a species of frog found widely distributed in Sri Lanka and India. This species has a shovel shaped metatarsal tubercle and has longer hind legs when the leg is stretched along the body the ankle joint lies at a position between the ear and eye. Females are slightly larger than males.

9. Indian Green Frog

February 18, 2023 | by Krishan

Indian green frog or green pond frog is known as Euphlyctis hexadactylus is another Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park.Indian Green frog is a common species of aquatic frog.it is mostly found in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.

10. Sri Lanka wood frog

February 18, 2023 | by Krishan

Sri Lanka wood frog or known as Hydrophylax gracilis is next Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park.Sri Lanka wood frog is a species of frog in the family Ranidae. It is endemic to Sri Lanka. Hydrophylax gracilis occurs in marshes, agricultural land, grassland, and bush forests at elevations below 600 m (2,000 ft). Adult frogs are semi-arboreal and semi-aquatic, whereas the tadpoles live in stagnant waters.

11. Roland Burrowing frog

February 18, 2023 | by Krishan

Roland Burrowing frog is another main Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park. It is known as Sri Lanka bullfrog, Roland's burrowing frog, southern burrowing frog, marble sand frog. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, intermittent freshwater marshes, arable land, and pastureland. It is threatened by habitat loss.

12. Schneider's Toad

February 18, 2023 | by Krishan

Bufo scaber or the Schneider’s Toad is another Amphibian found in Wilpattu National Park.This frog is mostly found in peninsular of India and Sri Lanka.Duttaphrynus scaber is a widespread and common toad in India and Sri Lanka up to elevations of about 300 m (980 ft) asl. It is a terrestrial species that occurs in various habitats: wet evergreen tropical forest, tropical dry forest, dry scrubland, grassland, coastal marshes and rural farmland areas. Adult toads are generally found under ground cover, except during the breeding season when they are found in grasslands close to water bodies. The tadpoles develop in stagnant waters.

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